Hierakonpolis is a complex site which functioned from at least the Predynastic period onwards. The main element of the site was the town located in the area of the floodplain at some distance from the gebel and on the axis of the mouth of waste arid Wadi Abu Suffian. The beginning of the Hierakonpolis history is connected mainly with the extensive area of the wadi. During the New Kingdom, however, the attested human activity was limited to the town and the so-called upper tombs located approximately 2.5km deep in the wadi. The tombs were cut in the rock of the round hill Burg el-Hammam and can be dated to the reign of Thutmose I and the Ramesside period. There are no traces of burials under Hatshepsut, the only preserved artefacts from that time were found within the town walls, where the temple complex was built.